Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Tindakan Dengan Infeksi Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) Pada Murid Kelas 1, 2 Dan 3 SDN Pertiwi Lamgarot Kecamatan Ingin Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar

Rahmayanti Rahmayanti, Razali Razali, Mudatsir Mudatsir

Abstract


Infeksi cacing usus yang ditularkan melalui tanah Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) masih merupakan masalah penting pada kesehatan masyarakat, khususnya di negara berkembang termasuk Indonesia. Cacing penyebab kecacingan yang ditularkan melalui tanah yang sering dijumpai pada anak usia Sekolah Dasar yaitu Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura dan Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale dan Necator americanus). Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan dengan infeksi STH murid kelas 1, 2 dan 3 SDN Pertiwi Lamgarot Kecamatan Ingin Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah desain cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah murid kelas 1, 2 dan 3 SDN Pertiwi sebanyak 125 orang, sampel berjumlah 95 orang murid diambil secara proportional sampling. Data diperoleh dengan menggunakan kuesioner mengenai pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan serta dilakukan juga pemeriksaan tinja responden (murid) dengan menggunakan metode Kato-Kazt. Data diolah menggunakan uji Chi Square untuk melihat hubungan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan dengan infeksi STH. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 32 responden positif terinfeksi STH dengan tingkat prevalensi 33,68%. Berdasarkan hasil uji Chi Square diperoleh bahwa ada hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan dengan infeksi STH pada murid kelas 1, 2 dan 3 SDN Pertiwi Lamgarot.

Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan, Sikap, Tindakan, dan Soil Transmitted Helminths.


Intestinal worm infections that are transmitted through the soil so called Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) is still an important public health problem, particularly in developing countries including Indonesia. Worms that caused intestinal infections which are transmitted through soil are often found in in elementary school-age children namely Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus). This study tried to find out the relationship of knowledge, attitudes and actions to STH infection at grade 1, 2 and 3 of SDN Pertiwi Lamgarot Ingin Jaya Aceh Besar district. This is a cross-sectional design research. The population of this study was all students grade 1, 2 and 3 of SDN Pertiwi for about 125 students. There were 95 samples were selected by using proportional sampling. The data were collected by using questionnaires about knowledge, attitudes and actions, and also by examining students’ faeces by using Kato-Kazt. The data were processed by using Chi Square to see the relationship of knowledge, attitudes and actions with STH infection. The results showed that 32 students were positively infected with STH prevalence rate 33.68%. Based on the results of the Chi Square test, it was showed that there were relationships among knowledge, attitudes and actions with STH infection at students grade 1, 2 and 3 of SDN Pertiwi Lamgarot Ingin Jaya Aceh Besar district.

Keyword: Problem Based Learning, Critical Thinking, Human System Respiratory

Keywords


Problem Based Learning; Critical Thinking; Human System Respiratory

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