Pergeseran Pola Belajar Santri Dayah di Aceh

Firdaus M. Yunus

Abstract


In the past decade, at least there are five types of dayah have developed in Aceh. These five types of dayah apply different teaching patterns to their students. The first type is the traditional one, which maintains the old pattern in educating the students. The second type is modern dayah; in this dayah, the learning pattern is planned and refers to the specified curriculum. The third type is a kind of dayah, which combines traditional and modern learning systems. In this dayah, students are not required to stay overnight. They are allowed to go home. The fourth style is the dayah of tahfizul Quran; in this dayah, the students only focus on studying and memorizing the Quran. Furthermore, the fifth style of dayah is the dayah of tahfizul Quran and hadith, where the students at this dayah focused on memorizing the Qur'an and the hadith. The last two features of the dayah are developing rapidly in Aceh. This study employs a qualitative approach. For data needs, the researcher conducted the interview, observation, and documentation. This study found that Acehnese people in several regions showed that they were still very interested in traditional dayahs, even though the current modern dayah increasingly grows in Aceh. Secondly, modern dayahs that apply different learning patterns cause many parents to be more interested in modern dayahs. Thirdly, the emergence of the dayah Tahfizul Quran and Tahfizul Hadith become a new choice for parents to encourage their children to become memorizers of the Quran and hadith.

Keywords


shifting; learning pattern; santri; Aceh

Full Text:

PDF

References


A.K, Baihaqi. “Ulama dalam Masyarakat Tradisional”, dalam, Taufik Abdullah (ed), Agama dan Perubahan Sosial. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 1983.

Abdullah Syukri Zarkasyi, KH. Manajemen Pesantren Pengalaman Pondok Modern Gontor. Ponorogo: Trimurti Press, 2005.

Adli Abdullah, M. Membedah Sejarah Aceh. Banda Aceh: Bandar Publishing, 2011.

Ahmad, Zakaria. Sekitar Kerajaan Kerajaan Aceh dalam Tahun 1520-1675. Medan: Monora, 1972.

Ahmad, Kamruzzaman Bustamam. “Membangun Kembali Jati Diri Ulama Aceh”, dalam, Ulama Dayah Pengawal Agama Masyarakat Aceh. Lhokseumawe: Nadiya Foundation, 2003.

Amin Haedari, HM. dkk Masa Depan Pesantren Dalam Tantangan Modernitas dan Tantangan Kompleksitas Global. Jakarta: IRD Press, 2004.

Amin Haedari, HM. Dkk. Masa Depan Pesantren Dalam Tantangan Modernitas dan Tantangan Kompleksitas Global. Jakarta: IRD Press, 2004.

Burhanudin, Jajat. Ulama Kekuasaan Pergumulan Elite Muslim dalam Sejarah Indonesia. Jakarta: Mizan Publika, 2012.

Hasbi Amiruddin, M. Menatap Masa Depan Dayah di Aceh. Banda Aceh: PeNA, 2008.

Firdaus. “Peran Organisasi Teungku Dayah Dalam Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam di Aceh”, Disertasi. UIN Suumatera Utara, Meda, 2019.

Hasjmy, A. "Pendidikan Islam di Aceh dalam Perjalanan”, Sejarah, Sinar Darussalam, No. 63, Agustus/September, 1975.

Hasjmy, A, dkk Lima Puluh Tahun Aceh Membangun. Banda Aceh: Majelis Ulama Indonesia Daerah Istimewa Aceh Bekerjasama dengan Pemerintah Daerah Istimewa Aceh, 1995.

Hasjmy, A. Kebudayaan Aceh dalam Sejarah. Jakarta: Beuna, 1983.

Ibrahim, Muhammad. Sejarah Daerah Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Aceh. Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 1977/1978.

Idochi Anwar, Moch. Administrasi Pendidikan dan Manajemen Biaya Pendidikan. Bandung: Al-Fabet, 2006.

Ismuha, “Ulama Aceh dalam Perspektif Sejarah”, dalam Agama dan Perubahan Sosial. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 1983.

Ismuha, Sejarah Perkembangan Pendidikan Agama di Aceh. Majelis Ulama Daerah Istimewa Aceh, 1978.

Matsyah, Ajidar. “Menata Masa Depan Kurikulum Dayah”, Makalah Seminar, Mendesing Dayah 2050: Mencari Format Dayah yang Tahan Zaman. Banda Aceh 26 Mei 2012.

Muhammad Ibrahim, at al, Sejarah Daerah Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Aceh. Banda Aceh: Depdikbud, 1977/1978.

Mujiburrahman. Ulama di Bumi Syariat Sejarah, Eksistensi dan Otoritas. Banda Aceh: Ar-Raniry Press, 2014.

Nuruzzahri. “Latar Belakang Mahad Aly”, dalam, Kajian Tinggi Keislaman. Banda Aceh: Biro Keistimewaan dan Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Sekretariat Daerah Provinsi NAD, 2008.

Razi, Syahbuddin. Seminar Sejarah Masuk dan Berkembangnya Islam di Aceh dan Nusantara: Dayah Cot Kala. Aceh Timur:Majelis Ulama Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Aceh dan Pemerintah Daerah Tingkat. II Aceh Timur, 1980.

Reid, Anthony. Perjuangan Rakyat Aceh Revolusi dan Hancurnya Kerajaan di Sumatra, Terj. Pustaka Sinar Harapan. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1987.

Said, Mohammad. Aceh Sepanjang Abad. Medan: Waspada, 1981.

Sufi, Rusdi. Kiprah Ulama Aceh Pada Masa Revolusi Kemerdekaan 1945-1949. Banda Aceh: Badan Arsip dan Perpustakaan Provinsi Aceh, 2012.

Tim Akreditasi Dayah, Buku Akreditasi Dayah Tipe Tahun 2014. Banda Aceh: BPPD Aceh, 2014.

Wahid, Marzuki, dkk (ed). Pesantren Masa Depan: Wacana Pemberdayaan dan Transformasi Pesantren. Bandung: Mizan, 1999.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/jie.v4i1.7112

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Welcome to DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education open journal system. Thank you very much for visiting. We are looking forward to getting your articles

 

DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education

WebAnalytics

All works are licensed under CC BY-SA

© DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education 2019. Published by Center for Research and Community Service (LP2M) in cooperation with Master's Degree of the Department of Islamic Education, Postgraduate Program of Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Free counters!

Indexed by:



            

               

  Find in a library with WorldCat          

                 

Supported by