Syamsuddin Syamsuddin, Marlina Marlina, Hasanuddin Hasanuddin, M. Abduh Ulim


Seed treatments using various chemical substances have been gradually avoided as awarness of their harmful effects on environment and health. The Aim of this Study to determine directional rizobakteri treatment on viability and vigor of seeds of two varieties of Red chilies and to determine directional interaction between varieties of chili and rizobakteri treatment on viability and seed vigor. Chilies seeds inoculated with isolates rizobakteri and germinated with standard procedures. Furthermore sprouts were transferred to plastic pots containing a mixture of soil and growing media compost. Germination was monitored every day up to 14 days, while seedling growth was observed at the age of 6 weeks after transplanting. The results of the study on seed germination phase can be concluded that the response of different varieties to treatment because of the different types rizobakteri rizobakteri used. Isolates rizobakteri Actinobacillus suis and Azotobacter sp effectively improve the viability and seed vigor Arena Red chilies varieties with synchrony value grew 100% and vigor index of 68.33%. While isolates rizobakteri Actinobacillus suis, Azotobacter sp, and P. capacia effectively increases Growing simultaneity for PM999 with the value of each is 93.34%, 95.00%, and 90.00%. At the age of Red chilies seed growth phase 6 after planting, seed treatment uses Red chilies varieties Arena rizobakteri Actinobacillus suis, Azotobacter sp, and P.capacia effectively increases the growth of Red chilies seedlings. In wet weight benchmarks, chili seeds from the seed varieties that are subjected isolates Arena rizobakteri Azotobacter sp varieties of chili seeds and PM999 were treated rizobakteri P.capacia significantly more weight than the seed treatment of other types of rizobakteri other.

Full Text:



Adesemoye, A. O., M. Obin, E. O. Ugoji. 2008. Comparison of plant growth promoting with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subdtilis in three vegetable. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 39:423-426.

Antoun, H., D. Prevost. 2006. Ecology of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. In: Siddiqui, Z.A. (ED.), PGPR: Biocontrol and Biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, p. 1-38.

Bae, Y. S., K. S. Park, C. H. Kim. 2004. Bacillus spp. as biocontrol agents of root rot and Phytophtora blight on ginseng. Plant Pathol. J.20: 63-66.

Bae, Y. S., K. S. Park, Y.G. Lee, O. H. Choi. 2007. A simple and rapid method for functional analysis of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria using the development of cucumber adventious root system. Plant Pathol. J. 23(3):223-225.

Bano, N., J. Musarrat. 2003. Characterization of a new Psemomonas aeruginosa strain NJ-15 as a potential biocontrol agent. Current Microbiology, 46: 324-328.

de Weger LA, van der Bij AJ, Dekkers LJ, Simons M, Wijfffelman CA, Lugtenberg BJJ. 1995. Colonization of the rhizosphere of crop plants by plant-beneficial pseudomonads. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 17:221-228.

Egamberdiyeva, D. 2005. Biological control of phytopathogenic fungi with antagonistic bacteria. Biocontrol of bacteria plant disease, 1st Simposium 2005. Centre of Agroecology, Taskent State University of Agriculture, University str.1, 700140 Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Faccini, G., S. Garzon, M. Martines, A. Varela. 2004. Evaluation of the effects of a dual inoculums of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria and Azotobacter chroococcum, in creollo potato (papa “Criollaâ€) (Solanum phureya) var ‘Yema de Huevo’. manuscripts/faccini.pdf [01 Januari 2014].

Glick, B. R., C. B. Jacobson, M. M. Schwarze, J. J. Pasternak. 1994. L-Aminocy-clopropane-l-carboxylic acid deaminase mutants of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Pseudomonas putida GR12-2 do not stimulate canola root elongation. Can. J. Microbiol., 40: 911-915.

Kumar, R. S., N. Ayyadurai, P. Pandiraja, A. V. Reddy, Y. Venkateswarlu, O. Prakash, N. Sakthivel. 2005. Characterization of antifungal metabolite produced by a new strain Pseudemonas aeruginosa PUPa3 that exhibits broad-spectrum antifungal activity and biofertilizing traits. Journal of applied Microbiology, 98: 145-154.

OLugtenberg, B. J., T. F. Chin-A-Woeng, G. V. Bloemberg. 2001. Microbe-plant interactions: principles and mechanism. Antonie van Leeuwenhoeck, 81: 373-383.

Parke JL, Rand RE, Joy AE, King EB. 1991. Biological control of Phytium damping-of and Aphonomyces root rot peas by application of Pseudomonas cepacea or P. fluorescens to seed. Plant Dis, 75:987-992.

Patten, C. L, B. R. Glick. 2002. Role of Psemlowonas putida indoleacetic acid in development of the host plant root system. Applied and Environ-mental Microbiology or P. fluorescens to seed. Plant Dis, 75: 987-992.

Pieterse CMJ, van Wees SCM, van Pelt JA, Knoester M, Laan R, Gerrits H, Weisbeek PJ, van Loon LC. 1998. A novel signaling pathway controlling induced systemic resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant cell. 10:1571-1580.

Raj, S. N., H. S. Shetty, M. S. Reddy. 2005. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Potential green alternative for plant productivity. ZA Siddiqui (ed.), PGPR: biocontrol and biofertilization, 197-216. Springer, Printed in the Netherlands.

Reed, E. L. M., B. R. Glick. 2004. Applications of free living plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Anton. Leeuw. Int.J.G. 86:1-25.

Sadjad, S. 1993. Dari Benih Kepada Benih. PT. Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia. Jakarta.

Simatupang, S. 1997. Sifat dan Ciri-Ciri Tanah. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Sutariati, G. A. K. 2006. Perlakuan benih dengan agens biokontrol untuk pengendalian penyakit antraknosa dan peningkatan hasil serta mutu benih cabai. [Disertasi]. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institute Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. P.163.

Thuar, A.M., C. A. Olmedo, C. Bellone. 2004. Greenhouse /timmusk.pdfstudies on growth promotion of maize inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobakteria (PGPR). pdfmanuscripts [01 Januari 2014].

Timmusk, S. 2003. Mechanism of action of the plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium Paenibacillus poyimyxa. [Disertasi]. Departemen of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Trivedi, P., B. Kumar, A. Pandey, L. M. S. Palni. 2003. Growth promotion of rice by phosphate solubilizing bioinoculants in a Himalayan location. IN: E. Velazquez & Rodriquez-Barrueco C. (eds.), First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization: 291-299.


  • There are currently no refbacks.