Sea Surface Salinity with SMOS

Mulyadi Abdul Wahid

Abstract


The mission to observe the Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) from the space is not really new because it has been started from long time ago. The first mission was the Skylab which used a 1.4 GHz microwave radiometer in 1970’s. But this mission is still not as comprehensive as other missions which observe such as Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Sea Surface Height (SSH), Ocean Color, and so on. Realizing the importance of SSS distribution in the ocean and its influences to the Earth’s climate system has motivated the scientists to develop a new technique in observing the SSS from space and lead a mission called the SMOS mission which was launched in November 2, 2011. Besides observing the SSS, this mission observes the Soil Moisture as well. The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission aims to obtain global and regular measurements on the soil moisture and the ocean salinity. These measurements are essential for climate and hydrological models, among other purposes. SMOS payload is a L band (21 cm, 1.4 GHz) 2D interferometric radiometer on a generic Proteus platform. The mission lifetime is at least 3 years (0.5 for commissioning and 2.5 for normal operation) + 2 years (extended operation) + 10 years for the post-mission processing. Raw physical data, level 1 and level 2 products will be produced by the PDPC (SMOS Payload Data and Processing Centre). It is an ESA center located in Villafranca (Spain) and operated under the responsibility of ESA. The SMOS Ocean Salinity objective is accuracy better than 0.1 psu, with 10 days to monthly grid scale (200 km).

Keywords


Sea Surface Salinity, SMOS

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References


ESA (http://www.esa.int).

CERSAT (http://www.salinityremotesensing.ifremer.fr/activities/smos/data/l3).

Kerr et al. The SMOS Mission: new tool for monitoring key elements of the global water cycle. Proceedings of the IEEE, Washington. 2010

Swift C T. Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of The Ocean, Boundary-Layer Meteorology 18, USA. 1979

Yin et al. First analysis of SMOS sea surface salinity. 2010




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/crc.v1i1.1378

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