DISTRIBUSI ZAKAT UNTUK GOLONGAN FAQIR UZUR PADA LEMBAGA BAITUL MAL DI ACEH

Ida Friatna

Abstract


This is an obligation to a certain Muslim who meet the requirement to pay zaka. In the other side, the government needs to operate an authorized institution to manage this kind of alms, including infaq and other Muslim’s alms. Int this case, the government of Aceh has established a kind of Islamic treasury office named Baitul Mal which mandated to preserve, manage, and develop the zaka, infaq, waqf, and other alms in Islam, including the preservation of Islamic custody. This study examines the zaka distribution by Baitul Mal office to the old poor beneficiary group. Islam basically distinguishes between miskin and faqir based on their different level, where the faqr is they are in a poorer condition. Currently, the Baitul Mal office separates the poor group into two types, namely the old poor (Faqir uzur) and the normal poor (Non-old faqir). The old poor is defined as people with old age, long sickness, and permanent disable, or with other condition they become not productive. The catagorization has consequences to the distribution portion. The Baitul Mal decided monthly consumptive distribution to the old poor group and to the normal poor is also giving incidentally by the consumptive method. This arrangement is aimed to be a guidance for all the Baitul Mal around the regencies level in targeting those types of faqr. So, here are main questions why do the Baitul Mal make this distinction and what is the impact to both type of faqr life. This study found that the Baitul mal wanted to be committed to elevating the faqr life through zaka distribution, especially to the faqr uzur that considered unproductive people and the distribution was chosen by consumptive way. This study learned that the Baitul Mal also considered to distributing part of zaka productively. The study uses the literatures and also the Baitul Mal official data.

 


Keywords


zakat distribution, faqr uzur, Baitul Mal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Aziz Dahlan, Ensiklopedi Islam, Jilid 2, Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 2005.

---------, Ensiklopedi Islam, Jilid 3, Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 2005.

Armiadi, Zakat Produktif: Solusi Alternatif Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Umat (Potret & Paktek Baitul Mal Aceh), Banda Aceh: Ar-Raniry Pres, 2008.

FORDEBI & ADESY, Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam: Seri Konsep dan Aplikasi Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2016), hal. 396.

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zakat

M. Abdul Mujieb dkk., Kamus Istilah Fiqih, Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Firdaus, 1994.

Muhammad Kamal ‘Atiyah, Halat Tatbiqiyah fi Muhasabat al-Zakat (Perakaunan Zakat: Teori dan Praktis), terj. Mohd Nor Ngah, Malaysia: Percetakan Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1995.

Muhamad Ridho Hidayat dan Dr Irfan Syauqi Beik, dalam https://republika.co.id/berita/koran/news-update/14/04/24/n4iwst5-revitalisasi-konsep-fakir-sebagai-mustahik-zakat

Rozalinda, Fikih Ekonomi Syariah: Prinsip dan Implementasinya pada Sektor Keuangan Syariah, Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2016.

Sayyid Sabiq, Fiqh as-Sunnah, juz.1, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1977

Shalah ash-Shawi & Abdullah al-Mushlih, Fikih Ekonomi Islam, terj. Abu Umar Basyir, Jakarta: Darul Haq, 2015.

Teungku Muhammad Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy, Hukum-Hukum Fiqh Islam, Semarang: PT.Pustaka Rizki Putra, 1997.

Tim Penyusun Kamus Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1999.

Wahbah al-Zuhayly, al-Fiqh al-Islami wa adillatuh, juz. 2, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1996.

Yusuf Qardawi, Hukum Zakat: Studi Komparatif Mengenai Status dan Filsafat Zakat Berdasarkan Quran dan Hadits, terj. Salman Harun dkk., Jilid 1, Bogor: Pustaka Litera AntarNusa, 1996.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5321

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Ida Friatna

Dusturiyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial