Khairun Nisah


Bioplastic is one step to reduce the use of plastics that are not environmentally friendly. The genus Metroxxlen, Sp is a bioplastic material that is easily degraded in the soil. Metroxxlen, Sp has a hydrophilic nature which results in its physical properties being low. Bioplastic Starch Genus Metroxxlen, Sp is made by mixing ZnO as a reinforcement, Genus starch Metroxxlen, Sp as a source of natural polymers, with the addition of glycerol as a plasticizer. The results of the spread of ZnO in bioplastics can be seen with SEM. Comparison of ZnO with Genus Metroxxlen Sp. starch 1-3% wt produced a strengthened mechanism characteristic from 0.40 kg/cm2 to 0.70 kgf /cm2; the change in the extension changed down from 120.4% to 99.00%. For glycerol composition with variations from 1-3% wt, the change in elongation changes to increase from 90.00% to 98.00%, the nature of the mechanism changes to decrease from 0.25 kg/cm2 to 0.20 kgf /cm2.


melt intercaltion; zinc oxide; bioplastic; Genus Metroxxlen Sp.

Full Text:



Avella, M. e. (2005). Eco-challenges of bio-based polymer composites. Materials.

Avella, Maurizio, Buzarovska, A., Errico, M. E., Gentile, G., & Grozdanov, A. (2009). Eco-challenges of bio-based polymer composites. Materials, 2(3), 911–925.

Avérous, L., Fringant, C., & Moro, L. (2001). Plasticized starch-cellulose interactions in polysaccharide composites. Polymer, 42(15), 6565–6572.

Beadman, H., Bond, Z., Campbell, D., & Thorpe, J. (2009). The UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme - Science Plan (2009-2014). Science, 2300, 1–19.

Carneiro, M. J., Fernandes, A., Figueiredo, C. M., Fortes, A. G., & Freitas, A. M. (2001). Synthesis of carbohydrate based polymers. Carbohydrate Polymers, 45(2), 135–138.

Jose M. Lagaron. (2011). Nanotechnology for bioplastics: opportunities, challenges and strategies. Food Science & Technology.

Jui Hung Chen. (2008). Synthesis of ZnO/polystyrene composites particles by Pickering emulsion polymerization. European Polymer Journal, 44, 3271– 3279.

Liu, Z., Song, Y., Shangguan, Y., & Zheng, Q. (2008). Simultaneous measurement of normal force and electrical resistance during isothermal crystallization for carbon black filled high-density polyethylene. Journal of Materials Science, 43(14), 4828.

Ma, F. C. (2009). Preparation and properties of glycerol plasticized-pea starch/zinc oxide-starch bionanocomposites. Carbohydrate Polymers, 75.

Onyon, P. F. (1972). Textbook of polymer science. Polymer, 13(12), 597.

Sun, S., Song, Y., & Zheng, Q. (2007). Morphologies and properties of thermo-molded biodegradable plastics based on glycerol-plasticized wheat gluten. Food Hydrocolloids, 21(7), 1005–1013.

Vigneshwaran, N., Kumar, S., Kathe, A. A., Varadarajan, P. V., & Prasad, V. (2006). Functional finishing of cotton fabrics using zinc oxide-soluble starch nanocomposites. Nanotechnology, 17(20), 5087–5095.

Wang, Z. L. (2007). Nanopiezotronics. Advanced Materials, 19(6), 889–892.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 khairun nisa msi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.