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Author Guidelines

These writing instructions are made for uniformity of writing formats and ease for writers in the process of publishing manuscripts in the BIOTIK Journal. The author may use Indonesian or English. Manuscripts in Indonesian must be in accordance with the applicable EYD, and if in English you should meet English grammar standards.

The manuscript is written using Times New Roman font size of 12 pt, 1.5 spaces in A4 paper format (210 mm x 297 mm) with top and bottom margin of 3 cm, left and right margin of 3.5 cm. The form of the script is 2 columns. The minimum length of a manuscript is 10 pages and a maximum of 12 pages. The distance between paragraphs is 1.5 spaces. The title of the manuscript must reflect the essence of the article contents. The title should highlight the phenomenon (object) under study, not the method nor the activity (project). The title is informative, specific, effective and a maximum of 15 words. The author's name is written in full under the title without mentioning the degree. Underneath, list the name of the institution and the full address where the author works along with the e-mail address of one of the authors for the correspondence. If the author is more than one person and works at the same institution, then the inclusion of one address is considered sufficient to represent the address of another author.

Abstracts are written in Indonesian and English, each of which is equipped with keywords. Keywords can be single words or compound words (consisting of more than one word). Writing keywords between three to five (3-5) words and can follow the classification as follows: theoretical methods, experimental methods, phenomena, research objects and their applications.

The manuscript consists of an Introduction, Research Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, and Bibliography. Subtitles are written in capital letters and numbered with Arabic numerals. Acknowledgments (if any), Attachments (if any) are written sequentially after the Conclusions and at the beginning of the words are not numbered. The use of subtitles should be avoided, but if necessary, are numbered with Arabic numerals such as the following example: 1.1., 1.2., ... and so on.

Preliminary. The introduction should include the following: background, problem formulation, objectives, theories, hypotheses (if any), and expectations for research results and benefits. Research methods. The research method used must be written in a scientific manner, which is rational, empirical and systematic. It should be clearly stated the time and place of the study, along with the data, tools and materials used in the study. The results and discussion contain the results of the analysis of phenomena in the research area that are relevant to the theme of the study. Research results should be compared with relevant research theories and findings. Conclusions can be in the form of specific and general conclusions. Specific conclusions are the result of data analysis or the results of hypothesis testing about the phenomenon under study. General conclusions are the result of generalizations or linkages with similar phenomena in other areas of previous publications.

Referencing is using endnotes format. Symbols are written clearly and consistently. Foreign terms are written in italic letters. Abbreviations must be written in full when first mentioned, after which a short word can be written. The table is written in Times New Roman with a size of 10 pt and spaced 1 space below the table title. The title of the table is written with 12 pt letters, placed above the table. Images are placed as soon as they are mentioned in the manuscript. Images are placed at the top or bottom position of each page and cannot be enclosed in sentences. Numbering of images uses Arabic numerals. Image captions is written using Times New Roman 12 pt, and placed at the bottomof the images. Images that have been published by other authors must be stated their source in the description.

Literature citations in the manuscript are written using Arabic numerals and are sorted in the order in which they are cited. Numbers are written in square brackets. Examples of citing libraries are as follows:

Monsoon and ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) movements are related to variations in annual and semi-annual rainfall in Indonesia [1,2].

Liberti et. al. [3] using data ……… ..

Numbers 1,2,3 and so show the order of citations in the manuscript and all citations then sorted in the Bibliography by writing as in the example.

The bibliography is written in accordance with the order of quotation in the manuscript. The number of reference sources in one article is at least ten sources, with 80% being the primary reference source and 80% being from the last 5 years. The bibliography format used in the BIOTIK Journal refers to the IEEE model developed by the Mendeley, such as the following example:

Paper in a Journal

Articles in scientific journals with volume and number (1 author)

[1] Handayani, U.S. 2010. Analysis of endemic areas of disasters due to extreme weather in North Sumatra, Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics, 11 (1), 52-57

Articles in scientific journals with volume and number (2 - 6 authors)

[2] Suryanto, W., Nurdiyanto, B., & Pakpahan, S. 2010. The implementation of receiver function calculations for remote earthquakes uses Matlab. Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics, 11 (1), 66-72.

Articles in scientific journals with volume and number (more than 6 authors)

[3] Subagyono, K., Sugiharto, B., Purwani, E.T., Susilokarti, D., Las, I., Unadi, A., et. al. 2010. Technology needs assessment (TNA) for climate change mitigation in agriculture sector: criteria, prioritizing and barriers. Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics, 11 (2), 96-105.



Book (1 author)

[4] Shearer, P.M. 1999. Introduction to seismology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Book (2 - 6 authors)

[5] Trewartha, G.T., & Horn. 1980. An introduction to climate. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Book (more than 6 authors)

[6] Johnson, L., Lewis, K., Peters, M., Harris, Y., Moreton, G., Morgan, B., et. al. (2005). How far is far? London: McMillan.


[7] Meilano, I., Abidin, H.Z., & Natawidjaya, D.H.2009. Using 1-Hz GPS data to measure deformation caused by Bengkulu earthquake. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Earthquake and Precursor, 153-158, Bukittinggi: Research and Development Center, BMKG.

Seminar papers, workshops:

[8] Ibnu, S.2011, March. The contents and format of scientific journals. Paper presented at the National Workshop on Management and Editing of Scientific Journals, Malang: State University of Malang.

Thesis, dissertation:

[9] Riyadi, M. 1996. Modeling three-dimensional gravity to localize tin traps in the Pemali-Bangka area. Thesis, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences: University of Indonesia.

Research Report:

[10] Sumaryanto. 2008. Socio-economic characteristics of farmers in various agroecosystems. Research report, Center for Economic Analysis and Agricultural Policy. Bogor: Ministry of Agriculture.

Articles from the internet:

[11] Interactive Weather and Wave Forecast Maps. 2011. (htpp: // charts / viewer / index.shtml), accessed April 7, 2011.



  1. Editor of BIOTIK Journal accepts scientific texts in the form of research results or study results in the field of Biology, Technology and Education. Manuscripts must contain correct, clear information and have a substantive contribution to the field of study.
  2. The writing must be concise and clear in accordance with the writing format of the BIOTIK Journal. The manuscript has never been published or is not in the process of being published in other media, both print and electronic media.
  3. The incoming scientific papers will be selected by the Editorial Board who has full authority to correct, return to be corrected, or reject the writing on the editorial desk if deemed necessary. Substantial evaluations will be carried out by Expert Editors. The assessment will be carried out objectively and in writing.
  4. The scientific paper was uploaded directly through the BIOTIK Journal OJS portal by first registering at:
  5. The author is expected to include a telephone number that can be contacted.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with BIOTIK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi dan Kependidikan agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.