Spatial Distribution of Groundwater Salinity In The Coastal Area of Aceh Besar District

Muhammad Kalbadri, Ichwana Ramli, Muhammad Faisal


Abstract: Utilization of groundwater sources is still an alternative for people living in the coastal areas of Aceh Besar District. If the use of groundwater is carried out continuously, it will have a negative impact on the quality and quantity of groundwater. So the purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of groundwater salinity in the coastal areas of Aceh Besar District. The sample points were determined based on the random sampling method in grids. Sample testing for groundwater salinity was carried out directly in the field according to the planned location. The data obtained was inputted into Microsoft excel and mapping of groundwater salinity distribution using the Inverse Distance Weight (IDW) method with Argis software. A correlation test was performed with Pearson Product Moment.  Based on the measurement results, 20 sample points of high salinity were measured. The distribution of salinity values also has a relationship with coastal distance, where the distribution of salinity in general, the farther the groundwater is from the coast, the lower the salinity value, and the closer the groundwater to the coast, the higher the salinity.

Abstrak: Pemanfaatan sumber air tanah masih menjadi alternatif bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Jika pemanfaatan air tanah dilakukan secara terus-menerus akan berdampak negatif secara kualitas dan kuantitas air tanah. Sehingga tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sebaran salinitas  air tanah di wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Titik sampel ditentukan berdasarkan metode random sampling in grids. Pengujian sampel untuk salinitas air tanah dilakukan langsung di lapangan sesuai dengan lokasi yang telah direncanakan. Data yang diperoleh diinput ke dalam Microsoft excel dan pemetaan distribusi salinitas air tanah menggunakan metode Inverse Distance Weight (IDW) dengan perangkat lunak Argis. Uji korelasi dilakukan dengan Pearson Product Moment. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran, nilai salinitas yang tinggi terukur sebanyak 20 titik sampel. Nilai salinitas tinggi pada umumnya dipengaruhi oleh intrusi air asin terhadap air tawar. Faktor sebaran salinitas air tanah terjadi akibat intrusi, penggunaan lahan yang dekat dengan tambak dan muara sungai, faktor sebaran salinitas juga dipengaruhi oleh kepadatan penduduk. Sebaran nilai salinitas juga memiliki hubungan dengan jarak pantai, dimana sebaran salinitas secara umum, semakin jauh air tanah dengan jarak pantai maka nilai salinitasnya semakin rendah, dan semakin dekat air tanah dengan jarak pantai maka salinitasnya semakin tinggi.


spatial distribution; salinity; groundwater; coast

Full Text:



Abulibdeh, A., Al-Awadhi, T., Al Nasiri, N., Al-Buloshi, A., & Abdelghani, M. (2021). Spatiotemporal mapping of groundwater salinity in Al-Batinah, Oman. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 12, 100551.

Baroroh, Z. F., Harsono, T. N., Ali Sya’ban, M. B., & Dahlia, S. (2019). Sebaran Salinitas Air Tanah Bebas di Desa Pulogading Kecamatan Bulakamba Kabupaten Brebes Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Geografi, Edukasi dan Lingkungan (JGEL), 3(2), 69.

Bloomfield, J. P., Lewis, M. A., Newell, A. J., Loveless, S. E., & Stuart, M. E. (2020). Characterising variations in the salinity of deep groundwater systems: A case study from Great Britain (GB). Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 28, 100684.

Folorunso, A. F. (2021). Mapping a spatial salinity flow from seawater to groundwater using electrical resistivity topography techniques. Scientific African, 13, e00957.

Hu, W., Xin, X., Zou, X., Li, L., Niu, S., Li, Q., Yu, G., & Wang, L. (2021). Application of production splitting method based on inverse distance weighted interpolation in X Oilfield. Energy Reports, 7, 850–855.

Idowu, T. E., & Lasisi, K. H. (2020). Seawater intrusion in the coastal aquifers of East and Horn of Africa: A review from a regional perspective. Scientific African, 8, e00402.

Kreyns, P., Geng, X., & Michael, H. A. (2020). The influence of connected heterogeneity on groundwater flow and salinity distributions in coastal volcanic aquifers. Journal of Hydrology, 586, 124863.

Kshetrimayum, K. S., & Laishram, P. (2020). Assessment of surface water and groundwater interaction using hydrogeology, hydrochemical and isotopic constituents in the Imphal river basin, Northeast India. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 11, 100391.

Lane, J. W., Briggs, M. A., Maurya, P. K., White, E. A., Pedersen, J. B., Auken, E., Terry, N., Minsley, B., Kress, W., LeBlanc, D. R., Adams, R., & Johnson, C. D. (2020). Characterizing the diverse hydrogeology underlying rivers and estuaries using new floating transient electromagnetic methodology. Science of The Total Environment, 740, 140074.

Matsuura, T., Tebakari, T., Oda, A., & Ueda, A. (2021). Flow characteristics of artesian groundwater in coastal area of Kurobe River basin, Toyama Prefecture, by long-term and spatial observation of water temperature and electric conductivity. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 13, 100555.

Murtadha, S., Yussof, I., Fauzi, R., & Ramli, I. (2017). Analysis of groundwater quality for irrigation purposes in shallow aquifers: A case study from West Aceh, Indonesia: Groundwater quality. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 38(2), 185–200.

Prusty, P., & Farooq, S. H. (2020). Seawater intrusion in the coastal aquifers of India—A review. HydroResearch, 3, 61–74.

Reznik, I. J., Purtschert, R., Sültenfuβ, J., Weinstein, Y., Shalev, E., & Yechieli, Y. (2020). Fresh and saline groundwater ages and flow dynamics in a perturbed coastal aquifer. Journal of Hydrology, 125721.

Sahour, H., Gholami, V., & Vazifedan, M. (2020). A comparative analysis of statistical and machine learning techniques for mapping the spatial distribution of groundwater salinity in a coastal aquifer. Journal of Hydrology, 591, 125321.

Shagega, F. P., Munishi, S. E., & Kongo, V. M. (2020). Assessment of potential impacts of climate change on water resources in Ngerengere catchment, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 116, 102804.

Wen, X., Lu, J., Wu, J., Lin, Y., & Luo, Y. (2019). Influence of coastal groundwater salinization on the distribution and risks of heavy metals. Science of The Total Environment, 652, 267–277.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Kalbadri, Ichwana Ramli, Muhammad Faisal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

P-ISSN : 2460-8912
E-ISSN : 2460-8920


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Elkawnie: Journal of Islamic Science and Technology in 2022. Published by Faculty of Science and Technology in cooperation with Center for Research and Community Service (LP2M), UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

View full page view stats report click here

Flag Counter