Hegemoni Barat dan Islam terhadap Estimasi HAM

Nurkhalis Nurkhalis

Abstract


Western human rights based on the dimensions of humanity tha the Islamic Human Rights form fascinating mix between the rights and obligations to each other. There are concrete boundaries between human rights (ẖuqûq al-‘ibâd) and divine rights (ẖuqûq Allâh). Islam encompasses freedom rights that are free value (neutral) does not  violate the devine law and human law that acts between the permissible and the forbidden deeds to be classified in laghâ (in vain) including lâ‘ibun (fun), lahwun (filling time),  tala‘ub amr (command abandoned), and tathawu‘ (motivation goodness). The different- ces between Islam and Western human rights which its is anthropocentric and egocentric, and Islam is theocentric and laghâsentric. Laghâsentric can be defined as an act or behavior in which individuals have the freedom to choose an action object that does not carry a penalty

Keywords


HAM, Islam, Barat, freedom

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abû Sulaimân, Abdul Wahâb Ibrâhim, Al-Fikru Al-Ushûly; Dirayah Takhliliyyah Naqdiyyah. Makkah: Dâr Al-Syauq, tt.

Agwan, N. K. Singh. A. R. Encyclopaedia of the Holy Qur’an, vol. 2. New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House, 2000.

Ahmad, Ziauddin. Influence Of Islam On World Civilization. New Delhi: Adam Publishers and Distributors 1542, Pataudi House, 2006.

Alarcon, Ruiz De. National Library Of Australia Cataloguing In Publication Data

Restorative Justice And Civil Society. New York : Universitas press, 2001.

Al-Ashmawy, Muhammad Sa’id. Against Islamic Extremism. Florida: university press of florida, 2001.

Al-Asyqâr, Muhammad Sulaimân. al-Mustashfa Min ‘Ulumi al-‘Ushul. Beirut:

Mu’assasah Risâlah, 1417/1997.

El-Awa, Mohammed S. On The Political System of The Islamic State. American:

Trust Publications, 1999.

Al-Banhawy, Ahmad Ibrâhim. al-Jauharu al-Naqiyyah. Beirut: Dâr al-Minhâj, 1426/2005.

Baderin, Mashood A. International Human Rigths And Islamic Law. New York:

Oxford University, 2003.

Baradat, Leon P. Political ideologies: their origins and impact. America: Prentice Pl., 1987.

Bassam, Tibi. Die Krise des Modernen Islams. America: The University Of Utah Press, 1981.

Esposito, John L. The Oxford Encyclopedia Of The Modern Islamic Word. New

York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Al-Faruqi, Isma’il Raji. Al Tawhid,: Its Implication For Thouoght And Life. Malaysia: Zafar Sdn. Bhd. Kuala lumpur, 1992.

Gilani, Riaz ul-Hasan. The Reconstruction Of Legal Thought In Islam. Pakistan :

Markazi Maktaba Islam, 1994.

Ibn Idris al-Bahuty, Mansyûr Ibn Yunûs, Kasyafu al-Qina‘ ‘an Matani al-‘Iqna‘.

Beirût: Dâr Al-Fikr, 1997. Juz. 2.

Al-Jabiri, Muhammad Abed. Democracy, Human Rights And Law In Islamic Thought. London: I.B.Tauris Publishers In Association With The Centre for Arab Unity Studies, 2009.

Haeri, Fadhlalla. Beams of Illumination from the Divine Revelation. USA: Zahra Publication, 1985.

Khadduri, Madjid. The Islamic Conception of Justice. Amerika: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Al-Khayat. Health as a Human Right in Islam. Eastern Mediterranean: World

Health Organization, 2004.

Lewis, Bernard. what whent wrong: western impact and middle eastern esponse.

New York: university, Inc., 2002.

Lieberthal, Kenneth. Governing China: from Revolution Through Reform. New York: WW . Norton and Company, 1995.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. A young muslim’s guide to modern world. America: Published in north, 1994.

Nyazee, Imran Ahsan Khan. Theories of Islamic Law. Pakistan : Islamabad. 1945.

Osborne, Roger, Civilization: A New History of the Western World. New York: Pegasus Books, 2006.

P.C Sinha. Encyclopaedia of Human Right. New Delhi: Anmol Publications, 2002.

Paul Martin, Tad Stahnke and J. Religion And Human Right: Basic Documents.

Columbia University: Center For study of Human Right, 1998.

Pc. Sinha, Encyclopaedia of Human Rights, New Delhi: Vani Prakhasan, 2002.

Rahman, Fazlur. Islam Ideology and the way of life. Kuala Lumpur: percetakan zafar Sdn Bhd, 2003.

Rawls, John. The Law Of People. London: Harvart Univercity Press, 1999.

Road, Anshari. Islam And Peace In The 21st Century. New Delhi: Institute For Sustainable Development Lucknow And Anmol Publications Pvt.Ltd, First Published, 2004.

Safra, Jacob E. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 2. Chicago: Macropaedia, 1768.

Al-Sheha, Abdul Rahman. Misconception on Human Rights in Islam. Riyadh: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2003.

Strang, Heater. Restorative Justice and Civil Society. Hong Kong: Quark Press, 2001.

Tebbit, Mark. Philosophy Of Law. London: New Fetter Lane, 2002.

Westerlund, David and Eva Evers Rosander. African Islam and Islam in Africa. Sweden: Nordic Africa Institute, 1997.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/substantia.v15i1.4882

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 SUBSTANTIA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

SUBSTANTIA: JURNAL ILMU-ILMU USHULUDDIN 
DITERBIKAN OLEH: 
FAKULTAS USHULUDDIN DAN FILSAFAT
UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN) AR-RANIRY BANDA ACEH, ACEH INDONESIA

 

ALAMAT REDAKSI:
Gedung Fakultas Ushuluddin Lantai II, Fakultas Ushuluddin, UIN Ar-Raniry, Jln. Lingkar Kampus, Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh, Aceh 23111.Telp. (0651)7551295. eMail: substantia.adm@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.