Amalia Juniarly, Novrizki Arishanti


The research objective was to determine the role of hardiness and personal adjustment towards stress. The hypothesis is there is role of hardiness and personal adjustment towards stress. The population of the study was 237 cadets of POLTEKTRANSSDP Palembang. The researcher sample was 116 students and for try out was 60 students. This study used quota sampling technique. Hardiness, personal adjustment and stress was measured by the scale wich refers to the aspects of hardiness from Kobasa, Maddi, and Khan (1982), characteristics of personal adjustment from Schneiders (1960), and symptoms of stres from Hariharan and Rath (2008). The data was analyze using multiple resgression analysis. The result of hypothesis shows that hardiness and personal adjustment have a role to the stress, with p-value=0,000 (p<0,05) R= 0,750, R square= 0,563, F=72,730. Therefore the hypothesis are accepted. 


Hardiness, Personal Adjustment, Stress

Full Text:



Agustiani, H. (2009). Psikologi perkembangan- pendekatan ekologi kaitannya dengan konsep diri dan penyesuaian diri pada remaja. Jakarta: PT Refika Aditama.

Azwar, S. (2016). Penyusunan skala psikologi Edisi Kedua. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bakhshizadeh, A., Shiroudi, S.G., & Khalatbari, J. (2013). Effect of hardiness training on stress and post partum depression. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84(1), 1790-1794.

Cilinciu, A.I. (2012). Adaptation and stresss for the first year university students. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78, 718-722.

Dusselier, L., Dunn, B.D., Wang, Y., Shelley, M.C., Whalen, D.F. (2014). Personal, health, academic, and environmental predictors of stress for residence hall students. Journal of American College Health, 54(1), 15-24.

Das, S., Das, B., Nath, K., Duta, A., Bora, P., Hazarika, M. Impcat of stress, coping, social support, and resilience of families having childres with autism: A north east india-based study. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 28(3), 133-139.

Dodik, A. A., & Astuti, K. (2012). Hubungan antara kepribadian hardiness dengan stres kerja pada anggota polri bagian operasional di polresta yogyakarta. Insight, 10(1), 37-48.

Florian, V., Mikulincer, M., & Taubman, O. (1995). Hardiness contribute to mental health during a stressful real-life situastion? The roles of appraisal and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 687-695.

Gomez, dkk (2018). Stres in high school students: A descriptive study. Journal of Cognitive Behaviotral Therapy, 1(1).

Hariharan & Rath. (2008). Coping with life stress. India : SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd.

Hussain, A., Kumar, A., & Husain. (2008). Academic stress and adjusmtent among high school students. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 34(1), 70-73.

Hutpea, B. (2014). Stres kehidupan, religiusitas, dan penyesuaian diri warga indonesia sebagai mahasiswa internasional. Makara Hubs-Asia, 18(1), 25-40. DOI :10.7454/mssh.v18il.3459

Juniarly, A., & Hadjam, N.R. (2012). Peran koping religius dan kesejahteraan subjektif terhadap stres pada anggota bintara polisi di polres kebumen. Jurnal Psikologika, 17 (1), 5-16.

Kaur, J. (2011). Influence of gender and school climate on psychological hardiness among indian adolecents. International Conference on Social Science and Humanity, 5(1), 319-323.

Kelly, D. R., Matthews, M. D., & Bartone, P. T. (2014). Grit and hardiness as predictors of performance among west point cadets. Military Psychology, 26(4), 327–342.

Kobasa, S.C. (1979). Stressful life events, personality, and health: An inquiry into hardiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(1), 1–11. DOI:org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.1.1.

Kobasa, S., Maddi, R., & Khan, S. (1982). Hardiness and health: a prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42(1), 168-177. DOI :0022-3514/82/4201-0168500.75.

Misra, R., & Castillo, L. G. (2014). Academic stress of college students : Comparison of student and faculty perceptions. College Student Journal, 11(2), 132-148. DOI :10.1037/1072-5245.11.2.132.

Negle, Y.K & Sharma, U. (2018). Academic stress and coping mechanism among students: An indian perspective. J Child Adolesc Psych, 2(1), 6-8.

Salami, S. O. (2011). Psychosocial predictors of adjustment among first year college of education students. David Publishing, 8(2), 239–248.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode penelitian pendidikan (pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif dan

R&D). Penerbit CV. Alfabeta: Bandung.

Schneiders, A.A. (1960). Personal adjustment and mental health. United States of America :library of congress catalog card.

Sim, H.S., & Moon, W.H. (2015). Relationships between self-efficacy, stress, depression and adjustment of college students. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8(35), 1-4. DOI :10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i35/86802.

Saniskoro, B.S.R., & Akmal, S.Z. (2017). Peranana penyesuaian diri di perguruan tinggi terhadap stres akademik pada mahasiswa perantau di jakarta. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, 4(1), 95-106.

Ukeh, M. I. (2017). College stress experiences of police academy psychology cadets : is gender an influential factor. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 6(8), 826–837.

Wiebe, D. J. (1991). Hardiness and stress moderation: a test of proposed mechanisms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(1), 89–99. DOI :org/10.1037/0022-3514.60.1.89.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/psikoislamedia.v4i2.5309


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
All Publications

© Psikoislamedia:  Published by Faculty of Psychology UIN Ar-Raniry;
All right reserved 2017


Indexed By:


Flag Counter