KECENDERUNGAN ADIKSI SMARTPHONE DITINJAU DARI JENIS KELAMIN DAN USIA

marty - mawarpury, Syanti Maulina, Syarifah Faradina, afriani afriani

Abstract


Adiksi smartphone merupakan suatu keadaan dimana individu sulit untuk berhenti menggunakan smartphone dan menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan sosial seperti menarik diri, dan kesulitan dalam melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat kecenderungan adiksi smartphone ditinjau dari jenis kelamin dan usia di kota Banda Aceh. Menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan teknik quota sampling dengan jumlah 300 sampel. Terdiri dari 150 sampel berjenis kelamin laki-laki dan 150 berjenis kelamin perempuan, berada pada rentang usia remaja dan dewasa awal. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah adaptasi Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version (SAS-SV) dengan koefisien nilai reliabilitas penelitian sebesar (α)= 0,928. Uji hipotesis menggunakan independent sample t-test menunjukkan nilai t=-0,313, dengan nilai signifikansi p = 0,754 (p < 0,05) yang tidak terdapat perbedaan kecenderungan adiksi smartphone ditinjau jenis kelamin. Namun pada kategori usia, terdapat kecenderungan adiksi terhadap smartphone dengan nilai t sebesar -1,976 dan p = 0,049 (p < 0,05). Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan tidak terdapat kecenderungan adiksi smartphone ditinjau jenis kelamin, sedangkan pada kategori usia, remaja memiliki kecenderungan adiksi terhadap smartphone dibandingkan usia dewasa awal.

 

 


Keywords


Adiksi, Jenis Kelamin, Smartphone, Usia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agusta, D. (2016). Faktor-faktor risiko kecanduan menggunakan smartphonepada siswa di SMK negeri 1 kalasan yogyakarta. E-Journal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 3(5), 86-96.

Akashe, Z. B., Zamani, B. E., Abedini, Y., Akbari, H. & Hedayati, N. (2014).The relationship between mental health and adiksi to mobile phones among university student of Shahrekord, Iran. Addict Health, Summer and Autumn, 6(3-4), 93-99.

Akin, A., Altundag, Y., Turan, M. E. & Akin, U. (2014). The validity and reliability of the turkish version of the smartphoneadiksi scale-short form for adolescent. ELSEVIER, 152, 74-77.

Albarashdi, H. S., Bouazza, A., Jabur, N. H., & Al-Zubaidi, A. S. (2016).Smartphoneadiksi reasons and solutions from the perspective of sultan qaboos university undergraduates: a qualitative study. International Journal of Psychology and Behavior Analysis, 2(113), 1-10.

Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. (2012). Profil pengguna internet indonesia 2012.Diaksesmelalui https://apjii.or.id/downfile/file/profilpenggunainternetindonesia2012.pdf

Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. (2014). Profil pengguna internet indonesia 2014. Diakses melalui https://apjii.or.id/downfile/file/profilpenggunainternetindonesia2014.pdf

Aydin, B. & Sari, S. V. (2011). Adiksi internet among adolescents: the role of self-esteem. ELSEVIER, 15, 3500-3505.

Azwar, S. (2013a). Penyusunan skala psikologi (Edisi 2). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Azwar, S. (2013b). Reliabilitas dan validitas (Edisi 4). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bianchi, A. & Phillips, J. G. (2005).Psychological predictors of problem mobile phone use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 8(1), 39-51.

Bisen, S. & Deshpande, Y. (2016). An analytical study of smartphoneadiksi among engineering students: a gender differences. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 4(1), 70–83.

Brown, M. (2014). Adreaction marketing in a multiscreen world. Diakses melaluihttps://www.millwardbrown.com/adreaction/2014/report/Millward-Brown_AdReaction-2014_Global.pdf

Choi, N. (2015). The effect of a smartphoneadiksi education program for young adult females. International Journal Of U- and E-Service, Science and Technology, 8(2), 277-284.

Demirci, K., Akgonul, M. & Akpinal, A. (2015).Relationship of smartphoneuse severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students.Journal of Behavioral Adiksis, 4(2), 85-92.

Ehrenberg, A., Juckes, S., White, K. M. & Walsh, S. P. (2008). personality and self-esteem as predictors of young people’s technology use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 739- 741.

Emarketer.(2014, Januari 16).Smartphone users worldwide will total 1.75 Billion in 2014. Diakses melalui https://www.emarketer.com/Article/Smartphone-Users-Worldwide-Will-Total-175-Billion-2014/1010536.

Emarketer. (2015, September 17). Asia-pacific boasts more than 1 billion smartphoneusers. Diakses melalui https://www.emarketer.com/Article/Asia-Pacific-Boasts-More-Than-1-Billion-Smartphone-Users/1012984

Facebook. (2014, Desember). Coming of age on screens an in-depth look at teens and young adults around the world. Diakses melalui https://fbinsights.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/comingofageonscreens_whitepaper_120814.pdf

Gokcearslan, S., Mumcu, F. K., Haslaman, T. & Cevik, Y. D. (2016).Modelling smartphoneadiksi: the role of smartphone usage, self-regulation, general self-efficacy and cyberloafing in university student.Computer in Human Behavior, 63, 639-649.

Goswami, V. & Singh, D. R. (2016). Impact of mobile phone adiksi on adolescent’s life: a literature review. International Journal of Home Science, 2(1), 69-74.

Hartini, N. (2011). Remaja nanggroe aceh darussalam pasca tsunami. 24(1), 45- 51.

Haug, S., Castro, R. P., Kwon, M., Filler, A., Kowatsch, T. & Schaub, M. P. (2015). Smartphoneuse and smartphoneadiksi among young people in Switzerland.Journal of Behavioral Adiksis, 4(4), 299-307.

Haverlag, D. (2013). Compulsief Gebruik Van Sociela media on de Smartphone. University of Ultrech.

Hawi, N. S. & Samaha, M. (2016). To excel or not to excel: strong evidence on the adverse effect of smartphoneadiksi on academic performance. Computer & Education, 98, 81-89.

Hong, F. Y., Chiu, S. I., Huang, D. H. (2012). A model of the relationship between psychological characteristics, mobile phone adiksi and use of mobile phones by Thaiwanese University female students.Computer in Human Behavior, 28, 2152-2159.

Hurlock, E. B. (2006). Psikologi Perkembangan Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Idrus, M. (2009). Metode Penelitian Ilmu Sosial (edisi kedua). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Iqbal, M. & Nurdiani, G. (2016). Is smartphoneadiksi related to loneliness?.Science Arena Publications Specialty Journal of Psychology and Management, 2(2), 1-6.

Kabar Bisnis. (2015, Desember 02).Di indonesia, pengguna smartphone tumbuh 33% saban tahun. Diakses melalui http://www.kabarbisnis.com/read/2862838/di-indonesia--penggunaan smartphone-tumbuh-33--saban-tahun

Karuniawan, A. & Cahyanti, I. Y. (2013).Hubungan antara academic stress dengan adiksi smartphone pada mahasiswa pengguna smartphone.Jurnal Psikologi Klinis dan Kesehatan Mental, 2(1), 16-21.

Kibona, L. & Mgaya, G. (2015).Smartphones’ effects on academic performance of higher learning students.Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST), 2(2), 777-784.

Kim, H. (2013). Exercise rehabilitation for smartphoneadiksi. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 9(6), 500-505.

Kormendi, A., Brutoczki, Z., Vegh, B. P. & Szekely, R. (2016).Smartphone use can be addictive? a case report. Journal of Behavioral Adiksi 5(3), 548-552.

Kurcaburun, K. (2016). Self-esteem, daily internet use and social media adiksi as predictor of depression among Turkish adolescents.Journal of Education and Practice, 7(24), 64-72.

Kwon, M., Lee, J. Y., Won, W. Y., Park, J. W., Min, J. A., Hanh, C., Gu, X., Choi, J. H. & Kim, D. J. (2013a). Development and validation of asmartphoneadiksiscale (SAS).Plos One, 8(2), 1-7.

Kwon, M., Kim, D. J., Cho, H. & Yang, S. (2013b). The adiksi smartphone: development and validation of a short version for adolescents (SAS-SV).Plos One, 8(12), 1-7.

Lee, W. J. (2016). A comparative study of smartphoneadiksi drivers’ effect on work performance in the U.S. and korea. The Journal of Applied Business Research, 32(2), 507-516.

Lee, H., Ahn, H., Choi, S. & Choi, W. (2014). The SAMS: smartphoneadiksi management system and verification. J Med Syst, 38(1), 1-10.

Lee, J., Sung, M. J., Song, S. H., Lee, Y. M., Lee, J. J., Cho, S. M., Park, M. K. & Shin, Y. M. (2016). Psychological factors associated with smartphoneadiksi in south koreanadolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 1-15.

Leung, L. (2007). Leisure boredom, sensation seeking, self-esteem, adiksi symptoms and pattents of mobile phone use.International Communication Association (ICA) Conference. San Francisco.

Lin, Y. H., Chiang, C. L., Lin, P. H., Ko, C. H., Lee, Y. H. & Lin, S. H. (2016). Proposed diagnostic criteria for smartphoneadiksi.Plos One, 11(11), 1-11.

Liu, C. H., Lin, S. H., Pan, Y. C. & Lin, Y. H. (2016). Smartphone gaming and frequent use pattern associated with adiksi smartphone. Medicine, 95(28), 1-4.

Matondang, Z. (2009). Validitas dan reliabilitas suatu instrumen penelitian.Jurnal Tabularasa, 6(1), 87-97.

Miswar, K. (2016, 22 Februari). Aceh dan Budaya Konsumerisme. Diakses melalui http://aceh.tribunnews.com/2016/02/22/aceh-dan-budaya-konsumerisme.

Oksman, V. & Turtiainen, J. (2004).Mobile communication as a social stage.SAGE Publication, 6(3), 319-339.

Papalia, D.E., Old, S.W., & Feldman, R.D. (2011).Human development (Psikologi Perkembangan). (Terjemahan: Santoso, Y). Jakarta: Kencana.

Park, N. & Lee, H. (2014a). Nature of youth adiksi smartphone in Korea. Media Information Resarch, 51(1), 100-132.

Park, N. & Lee, H. (2014b). Gender difference in social networking on smartphones: a case study of korean college student smartphone users. International Telecommunications Policy Review, 21(2). 1-18

Pasquale, C. D., Sciacca, F. & Hichy, Z. (2015). Adiksi smartphone and dissociative experience: an investigation in italian adolescents ages between 14 and 19 years. International Journal of Psychology & Behavior Analysis, 1(2), 1-4.

Pew Research Center. 2015, April 9). Teens Social media & technology overview2015.Diakses melalui http://www. pewinternet.org/2015/04/09/teens-social-media-technology-2015/.

Prabhakararao, S. (2016). Overuse of social media affects the mental health of adolescents and early youth. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 3(8), 14-19.

Priyatno, D. (2011). Buku saku SPSS analisis statistika data lebih cepat lebih efesiendan akurat. Yogyakarta: MediaKom.

Roberts, J. A., Yaya, L. H. P. & Manoris, C. (2014).The invisible adiksi: cell-phone activities and adiksi among male and female college students.Journal of Behavioral Adiksi, 3(4), 254-265.

Samaha, M. & Hawi, N. S. (2016).Relationship among smartphoneadiksi, stress, academic performance, and satisfaction with life.Computer in Human Behavior, 57, 321-325.

Santrock, J. W. (2002). Remaja, edisi kesebelas. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Sari, R. P., Rejeki, R. & Mujab, A. (2006).Pengungkapan diri mahasiswa tahun pertama universitas diponogoro ditinjau dari jenis kelamin dan harga diri. Jurnal Psikologi Universitas Diponogoro, 3(2), 11-25.

Sarkova, M., Nagyova, I., Katreniakova, Z., Geckova, A. M., Orosova, O., Middel, B., Dijk, J. P. & Heuvel, W. (2006). Psychometric evaluation of the general health questionnaire-12 and rosenberg self-esteem scale in hungarian and slovak early adolescents. Studia Psychologica, 48, 69-79.

Sings, N., Chopra, N., & Kaur, J. (2014).A study to analize relationship between psychological behavior factor on whatsapp adiksi among youth injalandhar district in punjab.European Journal of Business and Management, 6(37), 269-273.

Sugiyono.(2013). Metode penelitian pendidikan (pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R&D). Bandung: Alfabeta.

Swarjana, I. K. (2012). Metodologi penelitian kesehatan. Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset.s.

Yan, Z. (2015). Encyclopedia of mobile phone behavior. USA: IGI Publishing Hershey.

Yang, Y. S., Yen, J. Y., Ko, C. H., Cheng, C. P. & Yen, C. F. (2010). The association between problematic cellular phone use and risky behaviors and low self-esteem among taiwanese adolescents. BMC Public Health, 10(217), 1-8.

Young, K. S. (1996). Adiksi internet: the emergence of a new clinical disorder. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 1(3), 237-244.

Zhang, Y., Mei, S., Chai, J., Li, J. & Du, H. (2015). The relationship impulsivity and adiksi internetin chinese college students: a moderated mediation analysis of meaning in life and self-esteem. Plos One, 10(7), 1-13.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/psikoislamedia.v5i1.6252

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
All Publications


PSIKOISLAMEDIA
© Psikoislamedia:  Published by Faculty of Psychology UIN Ar-Raniry
All right reserved 2017

Indexed By:

Flag Counter