Ika Kana Trisnawati


This paper discusses the ways bilingual people are able to maintain their identity within any multicultural and multilingual environment. As today’s societies have shown to have more people with varied language/cultural backgrounds, it is interesting to learn how the bilinguals understand and identify themselves despite living in a totally different environment. Data in this paper came from a number of multicultural/multilingual settings for comparison purposes. Findings showed that there have been three major factors contributing to maintain the bilinguals’ identity in a diverse environment including language, family, and peer interaction.


Bilingual; Identity; Multicultural/Multilingual Settings

Full Text:



Danbolt, L. D. (2011). The challenge of bilingualism in a multilingual society: The Bolivian Case, Journal of Intercultural Communication, ISSN 1404-1634, Issue 27, retrieved August 7, 2017 from

Gérin-Lajoie, D. (2005). Bilingual identity among youth in minority settings: a complex notion. ISB4: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism, Cohen, J., Mcalister, K. T., Rolstad, K. & Macswan, J. (ed). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press, pp. 902-913

Hamers, J. F., & Blanc, M. H. A. (2004). Bilinguality and bilingualism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hansen, J. G. & Liu, J. (1997). Social identity and language: theoretical and methodological issues, TESOL Quarterly, 31, pp. 567–576

Mackey, W. F. (2005). The description of bilingualism. In L. Wei (Ed.), The Bilingualism reader. New York: Routledge.

Phinney, J. S., Romero, R., Nava, M., & Huang, D. (2001). The role of language, parents, and peers in ethnic identity among adolescents in immigrant families, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30(2), pp. 135-153

Rosenthal, D.A. & Cichello, A.M. (1986). The meeting of two cultures: ethnic identity and psychosocial adjustment of Italian-Australian adolescents, International Journal of Psychology, 21, pp. 487-501

Rivers, D. J. (2008). English as an international business language (EIBL): The need for an increase in theoretical and practical research focusing on written business communications across cultural boundaries in relation to multinational corporate language selection, The Asian ESP Journal, 4(2), pp. 6-22

Tajfel, H. (1974). Social identity and intergroup behaviour, Social Science Information, 13, pp. 65-93

Wei, L. (2005). Dimensions of bilingualism. In L. Wei (Ed.), The bilingualism reader. New York: Routledge.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

This journal has been viewed times.
View full page view stats report here.

All works are licensed under CC-BY

Englisia Journal
© Author(s) 2019.
Published by Center for Research and Publication UIN Ar-Raniry and Department of English Language Education UIN Ar-Raniry.

Indexed by: