The Role And Authority Of Queen Of Aceh And Sultan Of Perak To Deal With The Dutch In The Tin Trade Issues

Khairul Nizam


Aceh reached its zenith, during the reign of Sultan Iskandar Muda Mahkota Alam. However he died at a young age, leaving an heir and legacy of enormous ruling power. Its main enemy, both in the military and in trade, is the European power in the Straits of Malacca. The Ruler of Aceh after his death had to deal with the Dutch colonialists who are interested in tin mining in the state of Perak in the Malay Peninsula. Perak at the time was under the auspices of Aceh. The main goal of this paper is to review the role and authority of the ruler of Aceh and Perak, when dealing with a Dutch ploy to monopolize the quarry. This study uses a qualitative method, with a fully literature approach. Based on the data analyzed, it was found that the Queen of Aceh and the Sultan of Perak managed to maintain the tin in Perak, from completely monopolized by the Dutch. The attitude of Queen of Aceh, and Sultan Perak's patience and diplomacy to treat the ills of the Dutch; finally resulted in the Dutch themselves have to bear the losses because of their greed by blockading the port of Aceh and Perak, who angered local merchants and foreigners.


Queen of Aceh; Sultan of Perak; Dutch; Diplomatic; Tin;

Full Text:



Ahmad, Z. (1972). Sekitar Keradjaan Atjeh dalam tahun 1520-1675. Medan: Penerbit Monora .

Andaya, L. Y. (1992). Interactions with the Outside World and Adaptation in Southeast Asian Society, 1500-1800. In N. Tarling (Ed.), The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia (Vol. 1, pp. 345-401). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Arasatnam, S. (1969). Some Notes on the Dutch in Malacca and the Indo-Malayan Trade 1641-1670. Journal of Southeast Asian History , 10 (3), 480-490.

Ayduz, S. (2006). Artillery Trade of the Ottoman Empire. Manchester: Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation.

Bachtiar, T. A. (2014, June 19). Ijtihad Ulama untuk Pemimpin Perempuan Pertama Aceh. Retrieved March 12, 2021, from

Burt, R. (1995). The Transformation of the Non-Ferrous Metals Industries in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. The Economic History Review New Series , 48 (1), 23-45.

Danirandi. (2018, May 7). 4 Ulama Aceh yang sangat berpengaruh. Retrieved March 12, 2021, from Kanalaceh:

Daud, M. R. (2016, February 29). Kisah Permaisuri dan Tokoh Wanita Silam. Berita Harian , p. 8.

Effendy, H. (2017, June 19). Sultan Iskandar Muda: Penakluk Alam Melayu dari Aceh. Retrieved March 12, 2021, from The Patriots:

Firdaus. (2019, March 30). Putroe Tsani di Sudut Gampong Reuntoh. Retrieved March 12, 2021, from

Gischa, S. (2020, January 08). Biografi Sultan Iskandar Muda dan Perjuangannya. Retrieved March 15, 2021, from

Hasbullah, W. M., & Yatim, O. M. (2013). Teknologi Istinggar: Beberapa Ciri Fizikal dalam Aplikasi Teknikalnya. International Journal of the Malay World and Civilization (IMAN) , 1 (3), 51-59.

Hassan, W. A. (2016). Kesultanan Melayu Pahang. Retrieved March 12, 2021, from Portal Diraja Pahang:

Israel, J. (1995). The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness and Fall, 1477–1806. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Juliani, R. (2017). Menarik Benang Merah: Hubungan Aceh dengan Sulawesi Selatan. Source , 3 (1).

Linehan, W. (1973). A History of Pahang. Kuala Lumpur: The Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society.

Lombard, D. (1986). Kerajaan Aceh Jaman Sultan Iskandar Muda (1607-1636). (W. Arifin, Trans.) Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Sa'adah, S. (2007). Ratu-Ratu Aceh Abad ke-17 M: Analisis Faktor Pendukung dan Penghambat Kekuasaan. Al-Turas , 13 (7), 219-231.

Said, M. (1981). Aceh Sepanjang Abad (Vol. 1). Medan: PT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Waspada.

Senarai Sultan Perak. (2021, March 05). Retrieved March 12, 2021, from Laman Web Rasmi Pejabat D.Y.M.M. Paduka Seri Sultan Perak:

Wasino, M., & Endah Sri, H. (2018). Metode Penelitian Sejarah: dari Riset hingga Penulisan.

Wessing, R. (1991). An Enclosure in the Garden of Love. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies , 22 (1), 1-15.

Winstedt, R. O., & Wilkinson, R. J. (1974). A History of Perak. Kuala Lumpur: The Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society.

Zainuddin, H. M. (1957). Singa Atjeh Biographi Seri Sulthan Iskandar Muda. Medan: Penerbit Iskandar Muda.

Zainuddin, H. (1962). Tarich Atjeh dan Nusantara. Medan: Pustaka Iskandar Muda.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office:

Pascasarjana UIN Ar-Raniry Building,
Jl. Ar-Raniry No. 1, Darussalam,
Banda Aceh - Aceh 23111
Phone : 085173104474
Email :

Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh