THE FORMULATION OF MINIMUM WAGE (MW) IN THE LIGHT OF MAQASHID AL-SHARIA: INDONESIAN CASE

Yulizar D Sanrego

Abstract


Minimum Wage (MW) is a policy set by the government as a basis reference at labor market for every company to pay their workers wages. Since workers always have a low bargaining position when dealing with employers in the determination of their wage rates, therefore the MW could becomes the safety net for workers to have "decent living" when he began to enter the world of work. In the case of Indonesia, the formulation of WM is referring to the parameters of Decent Living Needs (DLN) according to the Ministry of Manpower Decree No. 13, the year 2012. There are at least seven components in order to formulate MW within the DLN Framework, namely: (1) food and beverages, (2) clothing/apparel (3) housing, (4) education, (5) health, (6) transportation and (7) recreation and savings. Meanwhile, in Islam, every transaction made must be ensured preserve and achieve maqashid al sharia (sharia objectives): (1) religion/faith, (2) life, (3) intellect, (4) posterity, and (5) property. Using content analysis, the paper indicates that the regulation above is relevant to the conditions and objectives of sharia-based wage system (maqashid sharia). The Decent Living Needs (DLN)-based minimum wage setting which operated in the 60 components meet the basic needs components of the workers for their daily life which includes the needs of education, health, recreation, and saving. Hence, another challenge in relation to the DLN is how to ensure that the purchasing power of labor for their shelter within the existing MW formulation. What kind of shelter that considered as al dharuriyah within the existing MW setting. Therefore, there is a call for synergy between the government and the housing industry that can offer shelter in accordance with the purchasing power of labor with the existing level of MW and feasible within the framework of DLN so that might be considered as social policy elements.

Keywords


Minimum Wage Setting; Decent Living Needs; Maqashid Sharia



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/share.v6i2.1531

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