Safrul Muluk, Habiburrahim Habiburrahim, Siti Rechal Rechal


Learning style is one of the significant elements in learning process that helps students achieve their learning goals. Nevertheless, students should be aware of their own style in learning which make them maximally enhance learning. Therefore, in study, the researcher examined students’ awareness of learning styles and their perception of their learning styles. A quantitative descriptive research was used in this study. Then, the data was collected through online questionnaire distributed for 100 students of fifth semester of English Language Education Department by using random sampling technique. VARK (Visual, Auditory, Reading, and Kinestetic) questionnaire created by Fleming and Likert scales were used to explore the issue under investigation. Findings of the research showed that students had moderate to high awareness of their learning styles. Within the context of this study, this findings were new in a way that it showed students’ perception on learning styles and how it affected their learning experiences. the Moreover, research findings also indicated that students believes that  the learning styles they adopted helped them in achieving their learning goals supported by their learning environment. The result of the study indicated that students preferred visual learning styles.


Learning style, students’ awareness of learning styles, perception of learning styles.

Full Text:



R. Yaakub, & Shahabuddin Hashim, Psikologi Pembelajaran dan Personaliti, Malaysia: PTS Publications & Distributors Sdn. Bhd., 2004.

A. Ambrose, S., W. Bridges, M., DiPitro, M., C. Lovett, M., & K. Norman, M. , How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Fransisco: Jossye Bass, 2010.

Spoon, C. J., & Schell, J. W., “Aligning Student Learning Styles with Instructor Teaching Styles”, Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, Vol. 4(57). 1998. p. 22-27.

Fleming, N., & Baume, D., "Learning styles again: VARKing up the right tree!", Educational Developments. 7(4). 2006, p. 4-7.

Kumar L. R., Voralu K., Pani S. P., & Sethuraman K.R., “Association of Kinesthetic and Read - Write Learner with Deep Approach Learning and Academic Achievement”, Canadian Medical Education Journal. 2(1). 2011. P. 24-27.

Muijs, D., Doing Quantitative Research in Education, London: Sage Publication. 2004.

Fleming, N., & Baume, D., “Learning styles again …”.

McKay, S. L., Researching Second Language Classrooms, London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 2008.

Abdul Gafoor K. , “Considerartions in the Measurement of Awareness”, National Seminar on Emerging Trends in Education, India. 2012 (I

Solso, R., Psikologi Kognitif. Jakarta: Erlangga. 2007.

Zeman, A., Consciousness. London: Yale University Press. 2001

Pritchard, A., Ways of Learning:Learning Theories and Learning Styles In the Classroom. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 2009.

Zhenhui, R., “Matching Teaching Styles with Learning Style for ESL/EFL Instruction”, TESL Journal, Vol. VII(7). 2001.

Funderstanding, “Discover your learning styles- Graphically” [Online]. http// Retrieved on August 30, 2019

Kinsella, K., Understanding and Empowering Diverse Learners in ESL Classrooms. In Reid, J.M. (Ed.) Learning Styles in the ESL/EFL Classroom. Boston : Heinle & Heinle. 1995. p 170-194.

Fleming, N., & Baume, D., “Learning styles again …”.

Drago, W. A., & Wagner, R.J., “VARK Preferred Learning Styles and Online Education”, Management Research News. Vol. 27(7). 2004. p. 1-13 .

Drago, W. A., & Wagner, R.J., “VARK Preferred Learning Styles …

Wislock, R. F., “What Are Perceptual Modalities and How Do They Contribute to Learning?”, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education. Vol.59. 1993.p.5-13.

Drago, W. A., & Wagner, R.J., “VARK Preferred …

Drago, W. A., & Wagner, R.J., “VARK Preferred Learning Styles …

Arunodaya , B., Rosniza A, A., & Yusniza M, Y., “Learning Style Awareness and Academic Performance of Students”, South East Asian Journal of Medical Education. Vol. 8 no.1. 2014. p. 47-51.

Bhagat A., Vyas R, & Singh T., “Students Awareness of Learning Styles and Their Perceptions to a Mixed Method Approach for Learning”. International Journal of Applied Basic Medicine.5(1). 2015. p. 58-65.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

This journal has been indexed by:
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
except where otherwise noted.