Tafsir Al-Qur’an Bahasa Melayu-Jawi di Kalimantan Barat (Kajian Kodikologi dan Historis-Periodik Naskah Tafsīr Tūjuh Sūrah dan Āyāt aṣ-Ṣiyām karya Muhammad Basiuni Imran)

Ihsan Nurmansyah

Abstract


In the 20th century AD, the writing of the Qur'anic tafsir that was born in the archipelago generally displayed its modern characteristics, both in terms of language and script. However, it is different from the Tafsīr Tūjuh Sūrah manuscript written in 1935 AD and the Tafsīr Āyāt aṣ-Ṣiyām manuscript which was written in 1936 AD by Muhammad Basiuni Imran, a scholar from the Sambas Sultanate, West Kalimantan, who still uses the language and script of classical interpretations of the archipelago, namely using the Malay language and the Jawi script.Therefore, it is urgent to study because of the polemic in terms of the emergence of interpretations, so a comprehensive way to understand the two interpretations of MuhammadBasiuni Imran is to use a codicological and historical-periodic approach.The results of this study indicate that first, the codicological aspects of the two interpretations of Muhammad Basiuni Imran manuscripts, including the identification of texts, aspects of books, aspects of writing and binding. Second, the emergence of the two interpretations of Muhammad Basiuni Imran in the 20th century AD in the form of the Malay-Jawi language, because it was born in the golden period (1920-1960 AD) in the periodization of the development of the al-Qur'an interpretation of the Malay-Jawi language. Third, the context of the emergence of the two interpretations of Muhammad Basiuni Imran in the Malay-Jawi language because they are influenced by socio-geographic, the history of the developing books and religious conditions.


Keywords


Manuscript Tafsir, Tafsīr Tūjuh Sūrah, Tafsīr Āyāt aṣ-Ṣiyām, Malay-Jawi Tafsir

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/substantia.v23i1.8719

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